Enabling Policy Environment for Wash in Schools

Vanuatu-ChildrenNo national WASH-in-Schools program nor any alternative plan of action to address water, sanitation and hygiene issues in schools currently exists, a responsibility which falls to the Ministry of Education.  There is no national budget for allocation of funds to the WASH in Schools agenda. Partners that assist in the implementation of WASH-in-Schools programming efforts include Oxfam, Save the Children, Care, and UNICEF.

WASH-in-Schools guidelines and tool kits are not available in the country. The school curriculum provides space for WASH promotion and there is a functional Educational Management Information System (EMIS) that monitors WASH-in-Schools access.   There are minimum national quality standards for schools overall that include some WASH issues, but do not address hygiene (handwashing and MHM, for instance).

Using the current EMIS data, it is not possible to assess what percentage of schools has access to sanitation facilities. According to the Minimum Quality Standard (MQS), all schools must have access to at least two separate toilets respectively for both sexes. The standard Pupil: Toilet ratio as stated in Standard 9 of the MQS is 1:20 for girls and 1:20 for boys. The school facility unit is in the process of developing minimum infrastructure standards for classrooms, toilets and water facilities. It is not clear what percentage of schools meets the official standard pupils per latrine/toilet standard.

According to 2012 data reported in the Education Digest, 79% of schools have access to improved water source on site throughout the year. In the Minimum Quality Standard (MQS), the Standard 10 indicates that all teachers and students have access to at least two liters of potable water on a daily basis. It is not possible to assess from EMIS data what percentage of schools meets the official standards for pupils in access to water.

Organizations Working in Wash in Schools


Save the Children