There is a national plan of action for WASH in Schools programming.
The Ministry of Education (MoE) is the lead agency of implementation of WASH in Schools programming. WASH in Schools comes under a comprehensive program by the MoE named as School Health Promotion Program (SHHP).
The Ministry of Health and Ministry of Water Supply and Drainage are partners that assist in the implementation of WASH in Schools Programming.
Quality and Coverage of WASH in Schools Programming
WASH in Schools guides and toolkits are available and are partially being utilized throughout the country in WASH in Schools target areas.
A functional Educational Management Information System (EMIS) that monitors WASH in Schools access in partially available as a part of general school census, which mostly covers quantities. However, the quality of data and indicator definitions should be improved.
Simple calculations on capital cost are that an average latrine costs $1,000 (US dollars), which can serve for 50 to 95 students as per the existing norm.
Recurrent costs are not actually fixed and differ from province to province and school to school. Most of the time recurrent costs are borne by the schools.
The top three challenges for WASH-in-Schools are listed below.
Available statistics have to be updated while adding more qualitative data including evidence base and impact evaluations.
Following the end of civil conflict in 2009 and graduation of Sri Lanka into middle-income level, it has been challenging to attract donor attention in the mist of large emergencies in other parts of the world.
Internal processes of MoE might prolong the implementation time when multi tasked programs are implemented (e.g. construction, health promotion, trainings, supplies, etc.)