The 1976 Education Act, as amended in 2006, and the regulations made provision for WASH in schools, among other requirements.
It is a requirement that every school shall have at least two blocks of toilets, separate for girls and boys, and the number of toilets is further determined by enrolment in line with Ministry of Health and Child Welfare (MOHCW) standards of 25 pupils to 1 toilet (squat hole).
Before a school is registered by the Ministry of Education, Sports, Arts and Culture (MoESAC), it is Government policy that officials from MOHCW inspect and certify as satisfactory sanitary conditions at that school.
The national standards require an approved toilet for schools (Blair ventilated Improved Privy – BVIP for rural schools without reticulated water supply; or water-borne sanitation where reticulated water system is available – usually in urban areas).
The ratio of pupils to toilet is 25:1 as a national policy.
In 2010, the Institute for Water and sanitation Development (IWSD) – a local NGO – developed resource materials to promote hygiene education in primary schools, with support from the Waterloo Foundation and UNICEF. The “WASH in Schools Infants booklet” was distributed to six districts that were supported on WASH by the ZIMWASH project. The other materials for senior primary school grades have not yet been distributed; IWSD is looking for funding to enable them to take this project forward. However the above toolkit has not yet been adopted as a national policy.
It is estimated that 100% of primary schools in Zimbabwe have access to WASH facilities, though not necessarily adequate in all cases; 90% of which have adequate toilets.