With the technical support of UNICED, the Ministry of Education started the development of guidelines on recommended national standards on WASH in Schools in 2010. The guidelines are intended to be used by all school administrations in the country to promote better water, sanitation and hygiene facilities in schools. The guidelines are currently undergoing the revision and finalization process, and due to be adopted in 2011.
The Ministry of Education is currently revising the curriculum for the shift to twelve-year education, and intends to include hygiene education as one of the key topics for the ‘class hours’ within the existing National Program on Healthy Life style.
In view of the current reform process in education on ‘twelve year education,’ the Ministry of Education is revising the National Strategy for Education Development (NSED) 2020. UNICEF is providing technical support and advocates inclusion of issues on improved WASH in Schools and hygiene education as one of the priority areas in the strategy. UNICEF, Save the Children, CESVI, Oxfam are the key partners for WASH in Schools.
Since 2002 UNICEF, in collaboration with Ministry of Education of Republic of Tajikistan, promotes the implementation of WASH in Schools program by providing safe drinking water supply, improved sanitation and hygiene education in schools of the country. Only with UNICEF support, children in over 400 schools (10% of the schools) benefited from improved WASH. Other agencies, such as Save the Children, CESVI, COOPI, ACTED,KfW, etc., have adopted UNICEF WASH in Schools program and within different years improved WASH in another estimated 10% of the schools.
UNICEF and the Ministry of Education are currently revising the WASH in Schools program to develop a new framework within the changing environment and to ensure that UNICEF support in the area of WASH contributes effectively towards fulfilling the objectives of the new UNICEF-Government of Tajikistan Country Program for 2010-2015. 65% of schools in 8 priority districts are targeted to be provided with improved WASH by the end of the current country program.
UNICEF advocates for leveraging resources on WASH in Schools. One of the best examples is cooperation within FTI and KfW within the programs on the construction of schools, where water and sanitary facilities are included now to be constructed/improved too. UNICEF provides technical expertise and contributes with thesoftware component. Thus, around 80 new schools are expected to be built with WASH in 2010-2012.
In 2010, UNICEF agreed with the Ministry of Education to integrate key indicators on WASH into the current Education Management Information System (EMIS), which is planned to be launched in September 2011. Those indicators primarily focus on availability, type and use of water and sanitation facilities. The revised EMIS is expected to fill the gap on unavailability of national data on WASH in schools.
UNICEF is working closely with USAID on initiation of the Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) with the field work to be commenced in 2012. Funded by USAID, under the technical supervision of Macro International Agency, and locally implemented by the State Agency of Statistics and Ministry of Health, the survey will provide national information on WASH related indicators inclusively