Enabling Policy Environment for Wash in Schools

swazilandWinS Swaziland is part of the Child Friendly School framework of the Ministry of Education and UNICEF Education Section and is one of the main achievements of Quality Education. The provision of education in Swaziland is currently guided by the 1999 National Policy Statement on Education reviewed in 2011 [MoET, 2011] which incorporates the Free Education initiative for all public primary schools. This reform means that more children will have access to basic education, which implies greater enrollment numbers and an increased need for WinS services.

Based on the Child-Friendly Schools (CFS) principles, the Ministry of Education and Training (MoET), in collaboration with UNICEF and MiET Africa, developed the Schools as Centres of Care and Support programme (SCCS). The SCCS seeks to address the impact of poverty, HIV & AIDS on children and their associated school communities. The SCCS program embodies the complete CFS Framework which serves as a guide to education planning in Swaziland. To enable schools to implement the SCCS program MoET and UNICEF are developing an implementation manual for head teachers with standards for key CFS principles embodied in the SCCS program.

The Ministry of Education is the lead agency in overseeing the implementation of the WASH in Schools programming.UNICEF, USAID and Government of Japan are the major donors for WASH in Schools. UNICEF, MoET (Ministry of Education and Training), MNRE (Ministry of Natural Resource and Energy), MoH (Ministry of Health), are key partners for WASH in Schools.

Quality and Coverage of WASH in Schools Programming

UNICEF has supported the development and adoption of existing resource materials to promote hygiene education and will pilot the materials in target primary schools. The Head Teachers Manual for CFS Implementation (INQABA Schools local name) has a WASH Pillar with standards for the implementation of WASH in CFS.

The Implementation of WASH in Schools hygiene training has been assigned to the Ministry of Health (MoH) which has the expertise.The training will be done through the Environmental Health Department to provideuniformity and accountability.The Implementation manual is being developed by MoET, with assistance from UNICEF. The final draft has been submitted to the MoET Guidance and Counseling Panel, which is tasked with ensuring that all materials reaching schools meet the standards.

The MoET integrated Life Skills-based Hygiene (LSB-HE) into the primary school curriculum, using the LSB-HE manual designed and adapted by UNICEF-IRC as a resource material for teaching;
The available data (Source: EMIS 2010 – Education Management Information System) on WASH in 757 schools shows that 95% of the schools have access to sanitation facilities and 64% of the schools have access to improved water supply.


Organizations Working in Wash in Schools



Red Cross

Ministry of Health

Ministry of Natural resources

Action Four Africa

International Relief And Development (IRD)