Sudan-Khartoum

Enabling Policy Environment for Wash in Schools

A draft WASH policy, which is currently in the process of approval by the Cabinet of Ministers, covers school WASH and aims to provide access to improved water and sanitation services to all schools by 2016. Salient points as stated in the policy are highlighted as follows:

  • Accessibility to adequate and safe water supply and satisfactory environmental sanitation for schools, health facilities, religious institutions and markets shall be dispensable at all times.
  • School children shall have a healthy learning environment, including access to and use of clean child-friendly environmental sanitation facilities, hand washing and water supply.
  • Children shall develop skills, knowledge, and attitudes for effective hygiene practices at school and at home.
  • Guiding principles for provision of School Premises Water, Environmental Sanitation and Hygiene services shall be:
    • There shall be separate toilets for girls and boys in the schools. The standard norms shall be not more than 50 boys or 30 girls to use one drop hole.
    • Cost for the water supply, environmental sanitation and hygiene services in schools including operation and maintenance costs shall be covered by adequate budgetary allocations by the respective institutions.
    • New schools yet to be constructed shall have reliable water supply, environmental sanitation and hygiene facilities as part of the initial construction components.
    • Technology and designs shall be sound, user friendly and relevant to the environmental context. Portable or reusable structures shall be used as relevant.
    • Water, environmental sanitation and hygiene education shall be one of the essential teaching components in schools.
    • School clubs shall be established for participation and learning of school children on hygiene and environmental sanitation.

Sudan water

Quality and Coverage of WASH in Schools Programming

Sudan coverageAccording to the School Health program survey conducted by the Ministry of Education (MoE) in 2009 for five states representing North Sudan, children in 79.4% of schools have access to water sources, which were ranked as good (11.7%), fair (53.7%), and poor (14%); while children in the remaining schools (30.6%) don’t have access to any water source. Khartoum state came to the top with 83% water coverage, while South Kordofan came at the bottom 50% coverage.

On the other hand, the same survey found that children in 82.4% of the schools have access to latrines, which were ranked as acceptable (29.4%) or poor (53%) quality, while those in the remaining schools (17.6%) don’t have access to any type of latrine. Khartoum state came at the top with 100% latrine coverage, while Sinnar State came at the bottom with 43% coverage.

UNICEF has supported the development of technical guidelines for the construction and management of School Latrine to be used by stakeholders involved in School WASH program.

Global Hand washing Day has been celebrated every year in North Sudan since 2008, in partnership with State level Ministry of Education, Water Environmental Sanitation Office under the State Water Corporation, Ministry of Health. UNICEF provided support in developing information, education, and communication materials on hand washing with soap. Last year, approximately 80,000 school children and teachers from 200 basic schools actively participated in 9 states.



Organizations Working in Wash in Schools



Catholic Relief Services