Enabling Policy Environment for Wash in Schools

The School Health Policy for Nigeria approved in 2006 has provisions for WASH facilities in all primary and junior secondary schools in Nigeria.
The National Environmental Sanitation Policy approved in 2005 target schools: sanitation programs in 100% of schools by 2010.

Nigeria Water

School WASH is a major component of the School Health Policy, National Environmental Sanitation Policy, and Draft national Water-Sanitation Policy.
Federal Ministry of Education is presently drafting a 3-year plan for the National School Health Program incorporating WASH in Schools as one of the major components.
The Ministry of Education is the lead agency in overseeing the implementation of School WASH program in collaboration with the Ministries of Water Resources, Environment and Health.
Funding of School WASH in Nigeria is involved in Federal, State, Local Governments as well as donors.
Government agencies mainly involved in funding of School WASH are: Ministry of Education, Ministry of Water Resources, Education Trust Fund, Millennium Development Goal Office, State Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Agencies, State Universal Basic Education Board and Local Governments.·
Private sector such as Unilever involved in hygiene promotion in schools.·
Minimum standards for WASH in Schools are developed by the Ministry of Education and shared with all schools. Local evidence base for WASH in Schools documented and shared (2003 study on impact of lack of WASH in Schools on girls education; Lateness to school 40%, Absenteeism 45%, Poor Performance in examinations: 42%, Low academic achievements: 44%. Lack of WASH in Schools results in Dysentery 41%, Diarrhoea: 36%, Cholera 20%, Typhoid 32%, Stomach pain 73%, Vaginal Itching 40%).
DFID, World Bank and EU are the top WASH in Schools donors in the country.
UNICEF is a core member of WASH in Schools society in Nigeria.
Information on funding status and requirements for National WASH in Schools in the country is not available

Quality and Coverage of WASH in Schools Programming

Nigeria CoverageThere is a National Technical Guideline on construction of School Sanitation and Hygiene Facilities developed and recently adopted by the Federal Ministry of Education for use in the country.
Sanitation and Hygiene as well as water supply in schools is incorporated in primary and junior secondary school curriculum.
There are standard designs for provision of water supply in schools.
There are manuals for hygiene promotion in schools.
Some national data collection does exist on WASH in Schools through the national EMIS of 2005 and needs to be updated.
A national data gathering for WASH in Schools is being proposed for May 2010 by Federal Ministry of Education.
EMIS 2005 estimate that 41% of schools have toilet facilities while 51% have improved water sources.


Organizations Working in Wash in Schools


World Bank



European Union

Catholic Relief Services