Enabling Policy Environment for Wash in Schools

The Government of Guinea-Bissau and UNICEF and other partners have agreements that allow actions to address WASH in Schools in the absence of a national plan of action. There is no allocation of a national budget for WASH in Schools due to the structure of the state budget.

The lead for the implementation is the Ministry of Education for sanitation facilities and the Ministry of Natural resources for water supply. Key partners to assist UNICEF in the implementation are the NGOs Plan Guinea-Bissau, CREPA GB, ADPP and Red Cross Guinea- Bissau. Major donors for WASH in Schools are the Government of Japan, the EU and the Spanish Nat Com.


Quality and Coverage of WASH in Schools Programming

For WASH in Schools no guides/toolkits are available. UNICEF started the preparation of different posters addressing school children and teachers. Meanwhile, UNICEF uses hygiene promotion material developed for the overall population. These include water treatment at household levels, hand washing and cholera prevention. In 2008, UNICEF, in collaboration with the Ministry of Education, developed designs for double pit school latrines which were improved twice; including a wall protecting the entries (2009) and introducing urinals for boys and girls in 2010.

With the Ministry of Natural Resources, standard designs for water supply options in schools were established in 2003. The designs include hand dug wells or boreholes equipped with nationwide standardized hand pumps or elevated tower with solar panels and submersible electric pumps. In 2008, rain water-harvesting systems were introduced as a low cost option for small schools in rural areas. No national standard available for the hygiene promotion package. Curriculum of different levels provides some space for hygiene education, but is considered not enough and requests for reviews have been submitted to Education.

Educational Management Information System (EMIS) is available at the national level; the monitoring WASH in Schools data is in process. In 2010, UNICEF started a survey to collect WASH in Schools data. Data is now available for 2 out of 9 regions. (See chart). For the two regions, 109 out of 446 primary schools had functional water supply, representing 24.44%. The sanitation component showed a similar trend with only 14.34% of the schools having separate sanitation facilities for boys and girls. A similar assessment will now be done in two additional regions in the country. The plan is to gradually cover the whole country until 2012.

WASH related data

  • Coverage water supply 65.6% (MICS2010); 83.7% urban, 52.6% rural;
  • Coverage sanitation 17.5% (MICS2010); 35% urban, 4.9% rural;
  • Prevalence of diarrheal (in past 2 weeks): 9 (MICS2010);
  • WASH in Schools related data
  • In 2010 primary school enrolment boys/girls is 69.38%; 85.5% of the enrolled school children reach grade 6 (full primary cycle). (MICS2010);
  • Coverage for water (2 regions) is 24.44% and
  • Coverage for hygiene (2 regions) is 14.34%.


Organizations Working in Wash in Schools