Since 2008, UNICEF has supported the development of resource materials to promote hygiene education and piloted the materials in target primary schools. The “WASH in Schools” toolkit incorporates key messages into a set of teachers guidebooks, story cards, songs, word cards, posters, cartoon booklets and games. In 2011, a joint committee (Ministry of Health, Ministry of Agriculture and the Ministry in charge of water), with the support of UNICEF will conduct an evaluation of the toolkit to gain a better understanding of hygiene education in schools and assess its impact with both qualitative and quantitative evidence. 42% of the schools have access to treated water. In the rural areas, 9 out of 10 schools do not have access to quality water. Only 6% of the schools in Djibouti (7) comply with the norm of one tap for every 50 students. Only 2 schools in Djibouti comply with the 5 criteria.
-Coverage water supply 92% (JMP 2008); 98% urban, 452% ruralØ
CoverageØ sanitation 56% (JMP 2008); 63% urban, 10% rural WASH in Schools related data (finding from WASH survey 2009)
Recent national surveys estimate that the primary school enrollment rate stands at 73%. Djibouti is on track to eliminate gender disparities in primary and secondary education by 2015, with gender parity rates of 0.99 and 0.82 respectively (in 2006).
Water quality; 73% urban and 13%. Only 6% of the schools in Djibouti (7) comply with the norm of one tap for every 50 students; 42% of the schools have access to treated water. In the rural areas, 9 out of 10 school do not have access to quality water; Students with access to drinking water in their school rated very low the quality of cleanliness of the water and the drinking points.
Percentage of schoosl meeting WHO standards: WC sufficient and accessible 18, WC watched 42%, WC provide privacy 62%, WC clean (smell) 47 and WC clean (smell and clean)
Almost all of the children recognized the importance of hand washing. Wash hands after going to bathroom urban 95% and rural96%, use clean water urban 85% and rural 81%. Mass media is the main source of information (82%), followed by the school (73%), then family and relatives (51%). Television is the main sourcefor school students in urban areas, where teachers were the main source of information for school
students in rural areas (66%).