Enabling Policy Environment for Wash in Schools
The Ministry of Education is the lead agency in overseeing and managing the implementation of WASH in Schools in the so called “Ecole Assainie” National Programme.
- WASH in Schools will be part of the Child Friendly School framework of the UNICEF Education Section as one of the main achievements of Quality Education. In 2011 the Child-Friendly Schools (CFS) principles were developed and approved by the Ministry of Education, with a complete CFS Framework for education system planning under development as a guide to education reform in DRC.
- UNICEF, DFID, Government of Japan, and UNICEF NatCom are the major donors for WASH in Schools.
- UNICEF, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Health, and a network of 80 NGO’s are key partners for WASH in Schools.
Quality and Coverage of WASH in Schools Programming
1,425 schools are engaged in the National Programme “Ecole Assainie” in 11 Provinces in DRC. This programme is also part of the PESE programme (Programme d’Education pour la Santé et l’Environnement).
- The programme includes activities on Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene education and student participation.
- UNICEF provides technical assistance to the Ministry of Education (training kit, supplies, etc.).
- UNICEF has supported the development of resources and materials to promote hygiene education.
- UNICEF has supported “Ecole Assainie” programme to develop M&E activities. A data base is accessible on the internet at http://www.ecole-village-assainis-bdd.cd/ea/
- UNICEF supports the revision of the teachers training manual.
- Before getting “Healthy,” the available baseline WASH data in all 1,425 schools integrated to the programme (http://www.ecole-village-assainis-bdd.cd/ea/, ATLAS 2011) shows that 37% of schools have access to safe water, 14% have access to sanitation facilities and only 13% of students are washing their hands after using toilettes. As soon as schools are declared “Healthy”, 98% have access to safe water, 94% have access to sanitation facilities and 92% of the students are washing their hands after using toilettes.
- The student diarrhea morbidity rate in these healthy schools has dropped from 4 per cent to 0.8 per cent, which represents a reduction of 63 per cent after the implementation of the WASH programme.