Highlights and Main Challenges for WASH in Schools
In 2011, the national investment on education sector accounts for 3.93% of GDP (EMIS, 2013). National investment per pupil per year for rural primary school management and maintenance is about 80USD. However, there is no specific budget line specified for WASH in Schools. From the national level, some specific projects are being implemented currently, such as a school safety project, left-behind school improvement project and school nutrition improvement project, etc. WASH in Schools was included in these projects somehow, but budget specifically for WASH is not specified.
After bottleneck analysis was conducted at national, provincial and county level, main barriers and bottlenecks that hindered the WASH in Schools development in China are summarized here:
- Norms are awareness of government, public, media, etc., on WASH in Schools are poor.
- School construction budgeting is not detailed, WASH is usually neglected.
- Lack of enforcement mechanism on WASH in Schools standards, guidelines and regulations.
- Coordination among different stakeholders on WASH in Schools is poor.
- Lack of child-friendly, gender and equality lens in school WASH planning and construction.
- Capacity on school health education and hygiene promotion is poor.