The Ministry of Education hygiene education packages have included Menstruation Hygiene Management since 2011. However, the government policies and plans have given high priority to the provision of WASH facilities in schools with a focus on gender-friendly needs. Therefore, even if MHM issues in schools are addressed at the policy level there will still remain a gap between policy and practices.
Studies are being conducted to ensure that national policies, strategies, standards and guidelines exist that will include key components of MHM in WinS such as gender-friendly water and sanitation facilities in schools, provisions of guidance on menstruation and menstrual hygiene for students and teachers, and establishment of supplies and disposal of MHM materials.
The UNICEF country office in Nepal and the Department of Education were funded to study and assess the current status of water sanitation and hygiene (WASH) in 45 schools in Nepal. This WASH in Schools situation Baseline Analysis covered primary and secondary schools with MHM issues being the a focus of the assessment in the secondary schools. Secondary data was drawn from a review of their curriculum, textbooks and policy documents. The length of the study was 4 months. Recommendations were made to the government through the Annual Strategic Integrated Program (ASIP) in Nepal at the national level. The ASIP is a strategic development plan to eliminate poverty in the country of Nepal. The recommendations are reviewed by the government and other development agencies during the School Sector Reform Planning Meetings.
The overview was compiled based on information from WASH in Schools Empowers Girls’ Education - Proceedings of the Menstrual Hygiene Management in Schools Virtual Conference 2013.