Bangladesh

Bangladesh StudentsCore MHM in WinS Information

Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM) is incorporated in many of the Ministry of Education’s documents, programmes and interventions. There are other government documents and strategies that have MHM component. National Standards for WASH in Schools have an MHM component.

The Department of Secondary and Higher Education (DSHE) of the Ministry of Education has a project that includes an MHM component. This life skills-based education project is being implemented by DSHE with funds from the government and UNFPA. The Ministry of Education recently (July 24, 2015) issued a government circular instructing all secondary and higher secondary schools to provide gender segregated improved toilets to ensure easy access to improved toilets by girls; provide soap, water and waste-bin; and appoint teachers to educate girls on menstrual hygiene management. The Adolescent and Reproductive Health programme under the Primary Health Care Services of Ministry of Health also has some components of MHM.

Policies, Guidelines and Legislations on MHM

  • National Hygiene Promotion Strategy For Water Supply and Sanitation Sector in Bangladesh 2012
  • Government Circular to promote provision of improved toilets and MHM education for Girls in Secondary and Higher Secondary Schools in Bangladesh (In Bangla)
  • Bangladesh National Hygiene Baseline Survey

Major Stakeholders working on MHM and Summary of Activities

  • Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MOHFW) – Health Services and Reproductive Health
  • Department of Public Health Engineering (DPHE) – Provision of WASH facilities including MHM facilities
  • Ministry of Education (MOE) – Policy, Guidelines, Circular; Provision of WASH Facilities including MHM
  • Ministry of Primary and Mass Education (MOPME) – Policy, Guidelines, Circular; Provision of WASH Facilities including MHM
  • Policy Support Unit (PSU) – Policy formulation and production of policy and strategy documents
  • UNICEF (WASH, Education and Child Protection Sections) – Advocacy; Capacity Development; Sensitization; Promotional activities; Provision of gender segregated WASH facilities including MHM in schools; Empowerment of Adolescent (SaniMart) & Development of IEC materials
  • Practical Action, Bangladesh – Provision of gender segregated WASH facilities in schools including MHM facilities; Capacity building on Hygiene promotion and MHM; Promotion of SaniMart
  • NGO Forum for Public Health – Provision of gender segregated WASH facilities in schools including MHM facilities; Capacity building on Hygiene promotion and MHM
  • Water Aid Bangladesh – Provision of gender segregated WASH facilities in schools including MHM facilities; Capacity building on Hygiene promotion and MHM
  • Dhaka Ahsania Mission (DAM) – Provision of gender segregated WASH facilities in schools including MHM facilities; Capacity building on Hygiene promotion and MHM
  • Plan International, Bangladesh – Provision of gender segregated WASH facilities in schools including MHM facilities; Capacity building on Hygiene promotion and MHM
  • Institute of Cholera and Diarrheal Diseases Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b) – Research and Documentation
  • Village Education Resource Centre (VERC) – Provision of gender segregated WASH facilities in schools including MHM facilities; Capacity building on Hygiene promotion and MHM
  • BRAC (NGO) – Provision of gender segregated WASH facilities in schools including MHM facilities; Capacity building on Hygiene promotion and MHM
  • CARE Bangladesh – Provision of gender segregated WASH facilities in schools including MHM facilities; Capacity building on Hygiene promotion and MHM
  • Water and Sanitation for Urban Poor (WSUP) – WinS, Documentation; MHM and WASH Facilities
  • WASH Alliance – Promotion/Production of Sanitary Pads; MHM Promotion
  • Save the Children –
  • ASA-HP – Promotion of Sanitary Napkins
  • Square Group – Production of Sanitary Napkins and MHM promotion in schools
  • Sorrno Kishori Network – Reproductive Health; Hygiene Education, MHM promotion in schools and communities; Media advocacy

Publications on MHM in WinS programs

  • Government Circular to promote provision of improved toilets and MHM education for Girls in Secondary and Higher Secondary Schools in Bangladesh (In Bangla)
  • WASH in Schools Empowers Girls Education Proceedings from the Menstrual Hygiene Management in Schools Virtual Conference 2013
  • Bangladesh National Hygiene Baseline Survey
  • Water and Sanitation for the Urban Poor Blog Report: Why Do I Have to Be a Girl
  • National Hygiene Promotion Strategy For Water Supply and Sanitation Sector in Bangladesh 2012
  • Sanitation and Hygiene Case Study: Bangladesh Tackling Menstrual Hygiene Taboos
  • WASH in Schools: Increasing access to improved water and sanitation facilities, and the practice of key hygiene behaviours, in primary and secondary schools across Bangladesh WASH in Schools – UNICEF Fact Sheet
  • Menstrual hygiene management knowledge, facilities, and practices associated with school absence among Bangladeshi adolescent school girls – Conference Paper
  • Menstrual Hygiene Management

Additional Online Reference Documents

MHM in WinS champions

  • Taraqqi A-Kamal – Department of Secondary & Higher Education, Ministry of Education
  • Humayun Kabir – Department of Primary Education, Ministry of Primary and Mass Education
  • Hasin Jahan – Country Director, Practical Action, Bangladesh
  • Zakariyah (Bisi) Agberemi – WASH Specialist; UNICEF
  • Alok Majumder – Country Coordinator, WASH Alliance Bangladesh
  • ATM Ridwanul Hoque – Senior Sector Specialist; BRAC
  • Abdus Shaheen – Country Programme Manager, Water and Sanitation for Urban Poor (WSUP)
  • Mahfuj-Ur- Rahman – Programme Office, WaterAid
  • N.M. Kaiser Zillany – Team Leader, CARE Bangladesh
  • Md. Zillur Rahman – WASH Advisor, PLAN International, Bangladesh

Overview on the Status of MHM in WinS

BangladeshEnabling Environment

The National WASH Standards and National Hygiene Promotion Strategy have components of MHM in WinS. There is no segregated budget allocation for MHM in WinS except WASH budget, but there is a cross-sectoral mechanism although not formal. DPE, DSHE, LGED in collaboration with all other stakeholders – NGOs, UNICEF – developed the National WASH Standard. There are no national or sub-national plans for MHM in WinS.

Effective implementation of MHM in WinS programming

There are some studies on local beliefs, taboos, knowledge and practices relating to MHM. Below are some of the reports:

  • Bangladesh Tackling menstrual hygiene taboos – UNICEF
  • Bangladesh National Hygiene Baseline Survey

MHM is incorporated into the secondary education teachers training curriculum under the Life Skill-Based Education program and Education for Health.

There are no national indicators for MHM. Each organization implementing MHM has a designed set of indicators to monitor the progress being made based on programme objectives

 



References and Organizations Involved in Compiling this Overview

The overview was compiled based on information provided by some organizations implementing MHM in the country and validated in a meeting.



UNICEF

Water and Sanitation for Urban Poor (WSUP)

BRAC (NGO)

WaterAid

Practical Action

Plan International

Care